ABOUT KERALA
ABOUT KERALA

Welcome to Kerala, the Gods Own Country and the southernmost beautiful state of Indian Sub continent. With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the top tourist destinations in Asia. A long shoreline with serene beaches, Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters, Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife, Waterfalls, Sprawling plantations and paddy fields, Enchanting art forms, Historic and cultural monuments have made Kerala the number one tourist spot in the world in Google Search followed by Taj Mahal at Agra.

KUMARAKOM

The tourist village of Kumarakom is situated 16 km away from Kottayam Town of Central Kerala.Kumarakom which is 106 km away from Cochin International Airport is a cluster of little islands situated on the banks of Vembanad Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Kerala.
      The bird sanctuary at Kumarakom spread across 14 acres of land on the southern bank of the Kavanar River is a favorite haunt of migratory birds. It is an ornithologist's paradise. Egrets, darters, herons, teals, waterfowls, cuckoo, wild duck and migratory birds like the Siberian Stork visit here in flocks and are a fascination for any nature loving visitor. Kumarakom, an enchanting backwater destination, offers many other leisure options too.
      Neighboring areas of Kumarakom such as Kaipuzha Muttu, Pathirmanal, Thanneermukkom, Narakathara and Thollairam Kayal, are also good locations for spotting migratory birds. Dawn is the ideal time for bird watching when the birds prepare to leave their forest homes and fly over the lake. An early morning trek, well before sunrise, is recommended for avid bird watchers.Kumarakom is also a home to a wide variety of flora and fauna.
      Kumarakom has a moderate climate throughout the year. It has a balanced tropical climate, which has two monsoons-, south west and north east. The average rainfall is 110mm in a year. Fishing, agriculture and tourism are the major economic activities of the village folks. Kumarakom's perfectly balanced tropical climate is very conducive to cultivation. The place has expanses of mangrove forests, paddy fields and coconut groves. Fruits like Banana, Mango, Jackfruit, Ambazhanga, Puli, Chaambenga, Peraycka, Aathaycka and Pineapple grow here. Also, cocoa and coffee grow well and are cultivated under the coconut trees.
      Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things is set in Ayemenem village, which adjoins Kumarakom. The explosive success of this booker prize winner novel depicts Meeachil River which glows Kumarakom. While the Prime Minister of India, Sri.A.B.Vajpayee chose Kumarakom as the tranquil destination to spend his 10 days holidays in Taj Hotels near Bird sanctuary which has also added great impetus to Kumarakom.

VEMBANAD BACKWATERS

The Vembanadu Lake is bordered by Alleppey, Kottayam, and Ernakulam districts of Kerala. It lies at sea level, and is separated from the Arabian Sea by a narrow barrier island. The Vembanadu Lake surrounds the islands of Pathiramanal, Perumbalam and Pallippuram.
      The Vembanad Lake is approximately 14 kilometers wide at its widest point and is just over 96 Km in length. The lake is fed by 10 rivers flowing into it including the six major rivers of central Kerala namely the Achenkovil, Manimala, Meenachil, Muvattupuzha, Pamba and Periyar rivers.
     The Vembanad Lake is a habitat for many marine and freshwater fish species such as Karimeen (Pearl spot], Shrimps of Poovalan chemeen and delicious Konchu and crabs.
     An unique characteristic of the lake is the installation of the 1252-meter-long Thanneermukkom salt water barrier. This salt water barrier was constructed to prevent tidal action and intrusion of salt water into the Kuttanad low-lands. This bund essentially divides the Vembanad Lake into two parts - one with brackish water perennially and the other half with fresh water fed by the rivers draining in to the lake. This barrier has helped the farmers in Kuttanad by freeing the area of salinity and adding another crop in dry season.

KUTTANADU

Kuttanadu region of Kerala is well known for its picturesque vast paddy fields and its geographical peculiarities. Kuttanad is a vast area of reclaimed land separated by dikes from water that is actually a few feet higher.Kuttanad is perhaps the only region in the world where farming is done 1.5 to 2M below sea level.
     Kuttanadu is also known as the Rice Bowl of Kerala as the major occupation in Kuttanad is farming activity where three crops are grown very year.
There is reference to Kuttanad in the epic Mahabharata of ancient India. During their exile, the five Pandava princes are said to have traveled through this land. In those days, Kuttanad was part of a dense forest, later destroyed by a forest fire which is also mentioned in the epic.

ALAPPUZHA

Alappuzha, the Venice of East, is also one of the most exotic backwater destinations of Kerala. Alappuzha is the venue for the world renowned Nehru Trophy Snake Boat Race held during the month of August every year, heralding the advent of Onam, the national festival of Kerala.
      Alappuzha also known as the cradle of coir industry- nimble fingers spin the water treated cocunut fibres into long ropes with traditional spindles at backwater villages.
      Sailing along in a ‘kettuvallam’ (houseboat) through the enchanting backwaters of Alappuzha is sure to rob your heart.Alappuzha district occupies a prominent place in the tourist map of Kerala interlocked with lakes and canals.The Vembanad Lake stretching up to Kochi, the rivers Achankovil, Manimala and Pamba and a net work of canals in the district are used for inland navigation. The vast stretch of paddy fields of Kuttanad, which is popularly known as the 'rice bowl of Kerala,' is in this district. Coir and coir products form a thriving industry in this district. The exciting and unforgettable boat cruises between Alappuzha and Kollam offer intimate glimpses of backwater life and an unforgettable journey watching Coir making, boat building, toddy tapping, fish farming and the rugged village life.

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